How to create a ‘buyer persona’ in 5 simple steps

For the Austrian consultant Peter Drucker, “the aim of marketing is to know and understand the customer so well, that the product or service offered is made for him and sold alone. Indeed, specifying the buyer persona is a first step towards success in any sales department, but the creation of this target is not as easy as it may seem.
The buyer persona is defined as the target or ideal customer for one or more products of a given company. For its determination, it is important to know detailed information about the consumer in question, as well as their behaviors, demographics and other details of interest.
Marketing teams are not the only beneficiaries of the individual buyer. Knowing precisely the target customer of a brand is an invaluable advantage for all professionals involved in product development. Below you will discover how to create a buyer persona in a clear and effective way:

Step 1: Collect data and information of interest

In the process of creating the buyer persona, a first step would be to collect information of interest to define the main features of the consumer. In this sense, one of the key points is to determine the priorities of the target customer, in order to avoid the human resources department focusing on gathering unnecessary data that generate confusion. The best way to create a buyer persona is to select the right and necessary information, without accessory data.

Step 2: Ask the right questions

The first step offers us, moreover, a useful teaching in creating an effective buyer persona: asking the right questions is crucial. It is true that Einstein stated that “the important thing is not to stop asking questions”, but we should not underestimate the importance of asking the right questions.
In order to gather accurate and valuable information about an objective client, we must develop a questionnaire that allows us to know the objectives, challenges and needs of these people. If the question is appropriate, those responsible for creating a buyer persona will only have to listen, because the client will give them what they need to know.

Step 3: Include the demographic data of the target client

The next step in how to create a concrete buyer persona is to discover the age range, income level, education or any other useful demographic information. Although it may seem indiscreet, knowing your marital status (single or married), if you have children and other details is essential for the buyer person to be complete. While not all traditional marketing methods are as effective today, these and other customer data remain essential to sales teams.

Step 4: Use the best channels to connect with the customer

Determining customer behavior is also relevant in the creation of buyer persona. Asking the right questions and being in possession of the right data does not guarantee success, being important to spend some time studying the behavior of target customers. Do you use social networks in your day to day, and what do you use, daily check the inbox of your mail, respond to phone calls, etc…
These questions seek to discover, in short, which is the most effective channel to contact (and connect) with the target customer. What is the point of launching a mailing campaign if the consumer in question rarely consults your email? The result will be low opening rates and a poor return on investment.

Step 5: Select the most appropriate type of advertising

Once we have known the personal and demographic data of the target client and we understand which are the most appropriate channels to communicate with him, it is time to select what type of advertising will be used.
At this point, the possibilities are very wide: from classic email marketing, the publication of press releases or PPC ads on search engines such as Google, to social selling, content marketing and other more modern methodologies.
It is also worth mentioning that ideal advertising changes over time, as consumer behaviour and habits evolve rapidly. Let’s think about the so-called faxing or advertising via fax. Needless to say, today is far from being the best way to attract the attention of consumers.
After knowing in detail the step-by-step to know how to create a buyer persona, it is time to get started and start developing it. The sooner you get to know your customers in depth, the sooner you will be able to correct the imperfections of your products and satisfy their needs more and better.

Image credit : Jim Rogers

ECN Team
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